Secondary School

This information is mainly for students currently enrolled in Year 10. It is designed to provide a reference point for the Western Australian Certificate of Education (WACE) requirements, university and TAFE requirements and other vital information.  The School Curriculum and Standards Authority (SCSA) provide additional information about assessment and certification.  The Tertiary Institutions Service Centre (TISC) regularly updates its website with information relevant to students who plan to attend a university in 2019.

Further information and advice is also available to you and your parents from school staff such as counsellors, Year Coordinators, the Vocational Education and Training (VET) coordinator and Deputy Principals.

By law, all student must remain in education, training or approved employment until the student reaches the age of 17 years and 6 months.

There are many acronyms that you should be aware of:

ATAR – Australian Tertiary Admission Rank
OLNA – Online Literacy and Numeracy Assessment
SCSA – the School Curriculum and Standards Authority
The Authority – the School Curriculum and Standards Authority
TISC – Tertiary Institutions Service Centre
VET – Vocational Educatoin and Training
WACE – Western Australian Certificate of Education
WASSA – Western Australian Statement of Student Achievement
KEFL – Kimberley Education for Life

Western Australian Statement of Student Achievement (WASSA)
The WASSA is issued to each Year 12 student at the completion of their senior secondary schooling. Senior secondary school typically takes two years. The WASSA lists all courses and programs that a student has completed and the grades and marks achieved.

The WASSA formally records, as relevant:

  • achievement of WACE requirements.
  • achievement of the literacy (reading and writing) standard.
  • achievement of the numeracy standard.
  • achievement of awards.
  • school grades, school marks and combined scores in ATAR courses.
  • school grades and school marks in General and Foundation courses.
  • completed Preliminary units.
  • completed VET industry specific courses.
  • successfully completed VET qualifications and VET units of competency.
  • completed endorsed programs.
  • number of community service hours undertaken (if reported by the school).

Western Australian Certificate of Education (WACE)
The WACE is awarded by the School Curriculum and Standards Authority (Authority) when students successfully meet the requirements of the WACE.

If you wish to achieve a WACE, the Authority requires you to complete at least four Year 12 Australian Tertiary Admission Rank (ATAR) courses or a Certificate II (or higher) VET qualification.

WACE requirements
To meet the WACE requirements, you must:

  •  demonstrate a minimum standard of literacy and a minimum standard of numeracy.
  • demonstrate breadth and depth of study through the number and level of units studied.
  • meet a minimum achievement standard through the number and level of C grades attained.

The last two requirements may be met partly through unit equivalents (see below) and recognition by the Authority of other studies (refer to the WACE Manual). They may also be offset by special considerations (refer to the WACE Manual).

Literacy and numeracy standards
You must demonstrate minimum literacy and numeracy standards based on skills regarded as essential for individuals to meet the demands of everyday life and work. These standards are equivalent to Level 3 of the Australian Core Skills Framework.

For the WACE literacy standard, you must:

  • complete at least four units of an English course (English, Literature or English as an Additional Language or Dialect) post-Year 10, studied over at least two years.
  • meet the minimum standard of literacy either by achieving Band 8 or higher in the reading and writing components of the Year 9 National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) or by successfully completing the literacy components of the Authority’s Online Literacy and Numeracy Assessment (OLNA) in Year 10 or subsequently.
  • For the WACE numeracy standard, you must achieve either Band 8 or higher in the numeracy component of Year 9 NAPLAN or successfully complete the numeracy component of the OLNA in Year 10, or subsequently.

This means that if you have achieved Band 8 or above in the reading, writing or numeracy component of the Year 9 NAPLAN you will be considered to have pre-qualified for that component.

Sitting the OLNA
If you have not pre-qualified in reading, writing or numeracy you are required to sit the corresponding component/s of the OLNA in Semester 1 of Year 10. If you do not meet the standard in Semester 1, then you must sit the OLNA in Semester 2, Year 10, and, if required, Semester 1, Year 11. You will have up to six opportunities (in March and September of each year) before completing Year 12 to demonstrate the WACE minimum standard of literacy and numeracy.

If you have not pre-qualified through NAPLAN, and choose not to sit the OLNA, you will not qualify for the WACE.

If you have a condition/s that may significantly limit your capacity to participate in the OLNA, disability adjustment provisions for timed assessments are available.

After discussions with parents/guardians/carers, and the school, you may choose not to sit the OLNA. However, this means that you will not achieve the WACE.

UNIQUE STUDENT IDENTIFIER (USI)
From 1 January 2015, a Unique Student Identifier (USI) is needed for every student undertaking nationally recognised training, including students undertaking VET in Schools programs, part time TAFE, apprentices and trainees. For students, the USI will build an online record of their nationally recognised training. This will improve students’ access to their current and future training records and streamline data exchange between students, training providers and other stakeholders. Students must have a USI before they can be enrolled in a Certificate course. Additionally, all registered training organisations (RTOs) are required to collect and verify a USI for each student before issuing a certificate or statement of attainment. Information and help for students is on: www.usi.gov.au

For students (parents, guardians or carers) to create a USI: Please make sure you have one form of ID from the list below ready.

  • Driver’s Licence
  • Medicare Card
  • Australian Passport
  • Visa (with Non-Australian Passport) for international students
  • Birth Certificate (Australian) *please note a Birth Certificate extract is not sufficient
  • Certificate of Registration by Descent
  • Citizenship Certificate
  • ImmiCard

Go to www.usi.gov.au   Click on Create your own USI For your own records, please screenshot the page with your USI number on it and print it out. Write your USI access details (password) on this page and put it with your passport or birth certificate etc.

ACHIEVEMENT STANDARD
You must achieve at least 14 C grades (or equivalents) in Year 11 and Year 12 units, including at least six C grades in Year 12 units (or equivalents).

Unit Equivalents
The WACE requirements for at least 20 units and at least 14 C grades may be met partly through unit equivalents. These are units within VET and endorsed programs of least 55 nominal hours. They are known as unit equivalents because they are considered equivalent to one unit of a Year 11 or Year 12 course.

Unit equivalents can be obtained through VET qualifications and/or endorsed programs. The maximum number of unit equivalents available through VET and endorsed programs is four Year 11 units and four Year 12 units. You may obtain unit equivalents through:

  • up to eight unit equivalents through completion of VET qualifications, or
  • up to four unit equivalents through completion of endorsed programs, or
  • up to eight unit equivalents through completion of a combination of VET qualifications and endorsed programs, but with endorsed programs contributing no more than four unit equivalents (two Year 11 units and two Year 12 units).

For VET qualifications:

  • a Certificate I is equivalent to two Year 11 units
  • a Certificate II is equivalent to two Year 11 and two Year 12 units
  • a Certificate III or higher is equivalent to two Year 11 and four Year 12 units
  • a partially completed Certificate III or higher is equivalent to two Year 11 and two Year 12 units (credit is allocated only if the criteria for partial completion are met).

For endorsed programs, unit equivalents are identified on the Authority’s approved list of endorsed programs (http://senior-secondary.scsa.wa.edu.au/syllabus-and-support-materials/endorsed-programs).

Study Options
Year 11 gives you the opportunity to choose courses that reflect your strengths and interests, and support your career aspirations. If you enjoy the courses you study, you are more likely to do well in them.

The Authority provides a wide range of courses and programs for Year 11 and Year 12. Schools make decisions about which courses and programs they will offer. These decisions are based on a range of factors such as resources, staffing and community need.

There are four types of WACE courses – ATAR, General, VET industry specific and Foundation courses.

WACE COURSES FOR YEAR 11 STUDENTS
For 2019, students will be enrolled in the following types of courses:

Australian Tertiary Admission Rank (ATAR) courses
ATAR courses are designed for students who are aiming to enrol in a university course directly from school. These courses will be examined by the Authority and contribute to the achievement of an ATAR. An ATAR is used to determined eligibility for university entrance.  Students will need to study a minimum of 4 ATAR courses in Year 11 and 4 in Year 12 to be eligible for an ATAR.  In Year 12 students will study more difficult unit pairs (Units 3 and 4).  50% of a student’s final score in an ATAR course is determined at the school and 50% is determined by the externally set exam.

General courses
General courses are designed for students who are aiming to enter vocationally based training or the workforce straight from school. These courses will not be examined by the Authority. However, they each have an externally set task (EST) in Year 12 which is set by the SCSA.

Endorsed Programs
Kununurra DHS offers several endorsed programs which may contribute to the achievement of a WACE.

Vocational Education and Training
For students who do not complete at least four Year 12 ATAR courses, the successful completion of a Certificate II (or higher) qualification is one of the minimum requirements for achievement of the WACE. A Certificate II or higher can be obtained through various delivery arrangements with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Students may have their VET achievements contribute to the WACE either as:

  • a VET industry specific course
  • VET credit transfer (the mechanism by which VET qualifications may be used to substitute for a specified number of WACE course units – see also unit equivalents), or
  • a combination of the above.

VET credit transfer can contribute up to eight of the 20 units you need to achieve your WACE.

There are special circumstances in which a partly completed Certificate III or higher may meet the minimum requirement of a Certificate II. A comprehensive account of VET procedures, and the process for identifying and presenting a case for a variety of special circumstances, is located on the Authority’s website.

For more information on how VET contributes towards your WACE visit the Authority’s VET page at http://senior-secondary.scsa.wa.edu.au/vet/how-vet-contributes-towards-wace.

Note: VET qualifications do not contribute to the WACE breadth of study requirement (i.e. they are not identified as List A or List B subjects).

SCHOOL BASED TRAINEESHIPS – Kimberley Education for Life (KEFL)
Refer KEFL.

ENDORSED PROGRAMS
Endorsed programs can be delivered in a variety of settings by schools, community organisations, universities, training organisations and workplaces.  The list of endorsed programs is available on the Authority website. You should discuss endorsed programs opportunities with the appropriate staff member at your school.  The general features of the program types are summarised below.

VET
VET qualifications are for students wishing to participate in nationally recognised training. All VET qualifications require registered training organisation (RTO) delivery, assessment and quality control under the relevant VET regulatory body. A Certificate II or higher is one of the range of requirements for achieving a WACE. VET credit transfer can contribute up to eight of the 20 units you need to achieve your WACE. These qualifications contribute to the WACE as unit equivalents.

Endorsed programs
These programs provide access to areas of learning not covered by WACE courses or VET programs and contribute to the WACE as unit equivalents. Endorsed programs may replace up to two Year 11 course units and two Year 12 course units you need to achieve your WACE.

For information about the programs refer to http://senior-secondary.scsa.wa.edu.au/syllabus-and-support-materials.

ABOUT YEAR’S 11 AND 12
Students are encouraged to plan a two-year program and choose their Year 11 courses with consideration being given to the Year 12 courses they will study the following year.

Student MUST select;

    • An English course, either General or ATAR; and
    • If participating in an ATAR Pathway, at least 4 ATAR subjects; and
    • If participating in a General Pathway, at least one Certificate II course; and
    • A full complement of 6 courses or equivalent in Year 11.

Recommendations
In view of the requirements for success in Years 11 and 12, the following recommendations are made to help you:

      • Maximise your educational opportunities.
      • Take advantage of what the school has to offer.
      • Make sure you give yourself every chance to qualify for courses and career pathway/s of your choice.
      • Achieve the WA Certificate of Education.
      • Allow for the fact that you may change your mind

Course Structure:
An explanation of the course structure:

    • Courses are divided into two units which will generally make up one year of study. (For the most part, Kununurra DHS will offer paired units concurrently which will make a pair of units look like a year-long course).
    • Courses are divided into two distinct groups – ATAR courses which can be used for university entrance, and General courses, which contribute to graduation requirements, but do not contribute to a tertiary entrance score or the Australian Tertiary Admission Rank (ATAR).
    • All ATAR courses taken in Year 12 have external examinations (WACE examinations).
    • General courses are wholly school assessed. They are wholly school-assessed, with one compulsory externally-set task in Term 2, used for moderation purposes.
    • All ATAR courses are eligible for inclusion in a Tertiary Entrance Aggregate, providing the WACE examination has been taken.
    • Not all courses will be offered at both levels at KDHS.  If they are not, the School of Isolated and Distance Education is available for students to study a mixed mode.